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What Causes an Enlarged Uterus?

Having an enlarged uterus is more common than you might think.  Symptoms of an enlarged uterus can be things like bleeding between periods, pelvic pain, feeling bloated or feeling pressure of fullness in the abdominal area, pain during sex, pain in the lower back and thighs, and trouble emptying the bladder completely. Sometimes an enlarged uterus really isn’t enlarged, it just gets pushed above the pelvic bone by a full bladder.  Women who are very thin often think they have a large uterus when in fact a full bladder is simply pushing the uterus up higher where it causes a small bulge.  A true enlarged uterus should be checked out by a doctor, because any of the causes of an large uterus could be could be a medical condition that required treatment. The causes of an enlarged uterus can be:

Pregnancy -The uterus can stretch up to 12 inches during pregnancy to accommodate the baby. Make sure you are not pregnant if you think that you have a larger than normal uterus. If you are definitely not pregnant than the cause of the enlargement could be a medical problem.

Fibroids – Fibroids are long strings of tissue that build up in the uterus. They can cause severe pain, enlargement of the uterus, and infertility in very serious cases.  Fibroid treatments can be invasive, so many women choose not to seek treatment until the pain is so bad that it interferes with their lives. Fibroids are very common, and most women can manage fibroid pain with diet and exercise although surgical treatments may be necessary for some cases.

Ovarian cysts – Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs that can cause enlargement.  Most of the time these cysts will dissolve on their own, although some women may experience pain, bloating, or other symptoms until the cysts break down.  Once ovarian cysts form it’s common for them to reoccur on a regular basis.  Your doctor should keep an eye on the cysts to make sure that they are harmless. If you are having pain or serious symptoms because of ovarian cysts the doctor may use medication to make the cysts dissolve more quickly.

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